Aboriginal Australians

THE ABORIGINES settled the Australian continent more than 40,000 years ago. They lived in total isolation from the rest of the world, present by hunting and gathering. In the 18th century, Europeans arrived, forcibly removing tribals from their territories. Today, many people feel alienated from white society, but still try to preserve their tribal identity.
ways of lifeWays of life : Traditionally, Aboriginals lived by hunting and gathering. They were nomadic, roaming large stretches of territory, setting up temporary camps near watering places, and moving on when food over supplies were chausted. They exchanged traded goods with such spears other tribes.
Aboriginal history : The aboriginal first arrived in Australia during the last ice age. The sea level was low, and they were able to cross land bridges and small stretches of water from South Asia. Ice went melt and rise again above sea level, the continent was completely cut. Initially, the settlers clung to the coasts and rivers, but gradually moved across the continent. Until the arrival of Europeans, lived almost 500 different tribal groups in Australia.
hunting and gatheringHunting and gathering : Aboriginal people lived by hunting animals such as kangaroos, and supplemented their diet with wild plants, nuts and berries. The hunter used stone blades and spears with a wooden attack, a type of missile that flies back. Some tribes developed an elaborate sign language, so thar they could send silent messages to each other when they were stalking game.
Corroborees : Aboriginal people have handed over from generation to generation, stories, songs and traditions. This culture is kept alive at corroborees, ceremonial dances where tribes gather together to retell the tales of Australia’s past through songs, music, and dance.

Dreamtime : The Aboriginals believe that Dreamtime is a period when Ancestral Beings shaped the land, clearing all species and human beings. People there are thought to live as souls for eternity. Man is believed to be a part of nature, closely associated with all other living things. Images of spirits of Dreamtime, such as Lightning Man, cover sacred diffs and caves in tribal areas.

uluraUluru (Ayers Rock) : Aboriginals believe that the Ancestral Beings created the Australian landscape, and established customs and tradition still followed today. He left evidence of their presence in many holy places like Uluru in central Australia. It is revered as a sacred place by the local Aranda people. Once called Ayen Rock by the Australian government, the rock regained its Aboriginal name in 1988.
Aboriginal todayAborigines today : European colonies arrived in Australia in 1788, and displaced aboriginal tribes from their territory, today, Australia has about 250,000 Aborigines, many of whom live in urban areas. They are still discriminated against, tribals are beginning to benefit from government aid, and are claiming their civil rights.
land rightsLand rights : When the Europeana arrived in Australia they aimed that the Land was Train List, that in belonged to no ene, and that chry were entitled to occupy it. Mare recently the Aborigines have campaigned to regain their lost territory and sacred sites In 1993, the Australian government revened io Terna muliso policy.
EducationEducation : During the first contact with Europeans was lost aboriginal languages or was not used. In, 1972, the government established a bilingual education programme. Many children are now taught in their Aboriginal languages before learning English. Books, radio, and television broadcasts are all available in many Aboriginal languages.

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