King Hammurabi : Mesopotamia’s wisest king. Hammurabi (r.1792- 1750 BC), followed ancient tradition by issuing laws to protect his subjects. They were carved on a black stone column 282 laws using the inscription script. The empire he founded in 1595 BC was destroyed when it was plundered by the patrons of Anatolia. The Kassites from the mountains to the cast of Babylon then invaded and took over.
Babylonian Empire : The first Babylonian Empire By about 1770 BC, Hammurabi had conquered most of Mesopotamia. Babylon Babylon for the duration of the empire was founded as the capital of the South.
Kassites : Between 1600 and 1190 BC, people called the Kassites ruled Babylon In. They are best known for their boundary stones (kuddurus), which marked property division and recorded gifts of land. These were often decorated with divine symbols. After the end of Kassait rule, Babylonia fell into a long period of chaos.
Persian Empire : 539 BC, the Persian king Cyrus II took part of his empire took over the Babylonian Empire and Mesopotamia. His son Cambyses was usurped by Darius I, also called “the Great”, under whom the empire reached its greatest extent.Literature and art : The Babylonian Empire was world-renowned for its great artistic and literary achievements. Literature such as the legendary epic of Gilgamesh, a Sumerian hero, was written on clay tablets in cuneiform. Artistic splendour included terracotta plaques, superb sculpture and glassware, and, above all, the lavish and decorative entrance to the city – the Ishtar Gate and Processional Way.
The Ishtar Gate : One of Nebuchadnezzar’s most magnificent structures, Isher gate, was built with mud bricks, which were made from color was brightened brilliantly.
Science : Babylon was famous as the home of scientists and scholars. Babylonian astrologers who studied the movement of planets and stars, record their findings on clay tablets and use them to predict the future. Many texts are so detailed that modern astronomers can date ancient events from the. The ancient Greeks and Romans had used the Babylonian system for naming planets.Religion : The Babylonians inherited their religion from the Sumerians. He believed that the gods and controlling every aspect of the spirits world. These included Anu, the sky god, who gave birth to some of the most important deities, including Ishtar, goddess of love and war (represented by the planet Venus), and Ea, god of wisdom and fresh water. EA was the father of the god Marduk in Babylon, who created the world and created in conjunction with the divine blood of the earth.
Nebuchadnezzar : After the Babylonian king Nabopolassar defeated the Assyrian enemy, his son Nebuchadnezzar 1605562 BC) rebuilt the devastated Babylon on a grand scale His works included the fabulous Ishtar Gate, and a temple and ziggurat tower. According to Greek tradition, he also built the Hanging Gardens of domestic wife and they become one of the seven wonders of the world. 596 BC, Nebuchadnezzar invaded Judah. Ten years later he returned, sacked Jerusalem and the exile in Babylon, the Jews. He was not released until the reign of Cyrus II.